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Millennium Development Goals and India’s achievements

The country achieves target of reducing poverty by half, manages to control spread of deadly diseases but lags behind on targets for empowering women


The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – formed a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and leading development institutions and have made unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest. The UN is working with governments, civil society and other partners to carry on with an ambitious post­ 2015 development agenda.As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) reach their December 2015 deadline, a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be adopted by world leaders.

MDGs 8 goals


  • to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • to achieve universal primary education
  • to promote gender equality
  • to reduce child mortality
  • to improve maternal health
  • to combat HIV AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • to ensure environmental sustainability
  • to develop a global partnership for development.


India has made some  progress towards reaching the MDGs but achievement across the Goals varies. According to a UN report, India has already achieved the target for reducing poverty by half (Goal 1) by official estimates – and is close to doing so by international estimates. On some indicators, India’s performance has been very poor as it lags behind on targets for empowering women through wage employment and political participation, reducing child and infant mortality and improving access to adequate sanitation to eliminate open defecation.The progress on achieving MDGs is mixed across states, with faster growing states performing better on achieving MDGs. States such as Tamil Nadu fare better on the MDG performance index.

Detailed information on the  indicators as per India’s MDG framework is presented India Country Report 2015 by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.

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